Political change in Afghanistan not included: Modi


SCO member countries should ensure that Afghan territory is not used to export terrorism, he says

Political change in Afghanistan has not led to an inclusive system and the process has not been driven by negotiation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in his first detailed comments since the Taliban toppled President Ashraf’s government Ghani.

In a speech at the Afghanistan-themed awareness summit between the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CTSC), he said Afghanistan’s neighbors would be seriously affected by developments in that country.

“The first problem is that the change of authority in Afghanistan was not inclusive and it happened without negotiation. This raises questions about the prospects for recognition of the new system. The representation of all sections of Afghans, including women and minorities, is important. And that is why it is necessary for the world community to think carefully and collectively while deciding on the legitimacy of the new political system in Afghanistan, ”he observed in Hindi.

He expressed India’s support for the “central role” of the United Nations in the global deliberation regarding the current system in Afghanistan.

The Taliban have declared an “interim government” in Kabul, but India has yet to recognize this configuration.

Mr. Modi said that SCO members have been confronted with terrorism and that is why they should ensure that the territory of Afghanistan is not used to export terrorism. “Terrorist and extremist ideologies will be encouraged if Afghanistan continues to remain unstable and in the grip of fundamentalist forces.

He stressed that a “large number of advanced weapons” had been abandoned by Western powers in Afghanistan, and warned that the country could become the source of an uncontrolled flow of drugs, illegal weapons and trafficking in drugs. ‘Human being.

To deal with the fallout from the volatile situation in Afghanistan, he urged SCO member countries to develop a “code of conduct” to end terrorist financing and cross-border terrorism. “SCO member countries should adopt strong and common standards to deal with the issue. These standards can be used in the future for global counterterrorism cooperation and can be a model for this, ”he stressed.

Fight against radicalization

Earlier, addressing the 21st meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), he said the fight against radicalization was necessary to increase trust among member countries of the ‘OCS.

Speaking after Modi, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan spoke of “outstanding differences” that should be resolved peacefully, and urged the Taliban to keep their promise to build an inclusive government in Kabul.

Mr. Modi, who was addressing the meeting in virtual format, said: “The biggest challenges in this region are related to the deficit of peace, security and confidence and the main reason for these challenges is the growing radicalization . Recent developments in Afghanistan have highlighted the challenge. The OCS should take the initiative to counter this problem ”.

The meeting, hosted by Tajikistan, also saw the inclusion of Iran as a new member of the SCO. Mr. Modi welcomed this decision. He welcomed the step of including Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Qatar as new dialogue partners of the regional organization.

Importance of “moderate Islam”

The Prime Minister stressed the importance of moderate Islam in Central Asia and urged member countries to tackle religious extremism and radicalization. “Historically, this region has been a stronghold of progressive and moderate cultural traditions. The Sufi order has flourished here for centuries. This tradition developed here and spread around the world. Based on this historical legacy of Central Asia, the SCO should develop a common model to fight radicalization and extremism, ”he said. Radicalization and extremism have been an obstacle to development in the region and have urged member countries to promote “rational thinking”.

Mr. Modi praised the counterterrorism work that has been carried out by the RATS mechanism of the SCO. He noted that India expected to receive cooperation from SCO members on the suggestions it had made to the Regional Counterterrorism Structure (RATS), headquartered in Tashkent.

Read also: Afghanistan cannot be “controlled from the outside”: Pak PM Khan at the top of the SCO

Greet “all Tajiks”

Mr. Modi thanked Tajik President Imomali Rahmon for hosting the summit under difficult circumstances and praised “all the Tajik people”.

India’s investment in the Iranian port of Chabahar and the North-South international corridor was indicative of its commitment to increase connectivity with the Central Asian region. “We believe that the landlocked countries of Central Asia can benefit tremendously by connecting to India’s huge market,” he added.

Jaishankar in Dushanbe

The ongoing SCO meeting is attended by Foreign Minister S Jaishankar. He is expected to hold important discussions on Afghanistan with representatives of member countries.

The situation in Afghanistan is far from stabilizing after a month of takeover by the Taliban, who spent most of the post-takeover days pushing back a challenge from Tajik fighters in the Panjshir valley.

Pak terror-stricken: Khan

Mr. Imran Khan recalled that his country had suffered from the problem of terrorism for decades. “For decades Pakistan has suffered from terrorism planned, supported, financed and orchestrated by state entities across our borders.

The Taliban must keep their promise to build an inclusive government. “It is vital for the stability of Afghanistan. In addition, it is important to ensure respect for the rights of all Afghans and to ensure that Afghanistan is never again a haven for terrorists, ”he said.

In an indirect reference to India’s repeal of Article 370, he said that “unilateral and illegal measures aimed at changing the status of disputed territories in violation of Security Council resolutions” did not help the process. regional peace and security. “The settlement of outstanding disputes is a necessary condition for peace and indispensable for creating an environment of cooperation,” he added.

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